Definition & Difference of News and Opinion

Definition & Difference of News and Opinion

In the previous article, I discussed the differences in facts and opinions. News and opinions are two different types of journalistic writing.

News ( news ) only contains exposure to facts or telling events, without opinions. "Forget you have an opinion," said Paul Bradshaw, an online journalism professor from Birmingham City University.

The journalistic code of ethics also prohibits journalist opinion in the news.

If you want to think, journalists can write other types of writing, namely articles, which are specifically containing opinions, thoughts, ideas, or personal opinions about a problem or event.

Don't confuse the reader by mixing facts and opinions in the news. After all, the reporter's assignment is not opinionated, but conveys facts, tells events, or presents facts and data.

Definition & Difference of News and Opinion

The main differences between news and opinions are as follows:

  • News contains information, facts, or telling events, without the opinions of journalists.
  • Opinions contain opinions, ideas, thoughts, or judgments. 

Even if there are facts in opinion writing, then it "only" functions as a supporter of argumentation or basis of judgment.

Here is a review of the Differences in News and Opinions that I am sad from Writing Commons: News or Opinion?

Research conducted by Common Writing on the web and through library databases often leads to the content of newspapers, magazines, and news agencies (such as Reuters and the Associated Press).

News content can be roughly divided into news and opinion categories. The news article seeks to provide information about current events, while opinion articles seek to persuade readers to take certain positions in the event.

The difference between news and opinion is not black and white. For example, one gray area is "advocacy reporting" - when the news is reported while promoting a value, for example, humane treatment of animals.

Another sub-category of news that can sometimes get into the gray area is "news analysis" - new news that pushes beyond the surface answer to 5 W and H (Who? What? Where? When? Why? And How?) to explore the causes and consequences of news events.

More generally, we must recognize that the way news is presented - including what information is chosen to be included, and what words and images are used to communicate that information - can encourage certain understanding or perspective.

We must always be alert to such factors in news reporting, and to significant deviations from the standard of fairness and accuracy of journalism received.

But to reject journalistic differences between news and opinion means to change all sources into a mass of "information" that is not differentiated.

Below are some features that define "news" and "opinions."


  • The author reports the news. People's opinions may appear as part of the report ("According to Mr. Smith ..."), but the author does not explicitly present his own views.
  • News is written to inform the reader about current events. 

Opinion (Opinion)

  • The author shares his own views and explicitly seeks to convince readers to adopt those views as their own.
  • The author reports important information (who / what / where / when / why / how).
  • The author reports and seeks to deepen understanding of current events - for example, by providing background information and other types of additional contexts. 

Thus Definition & Difference of News and Opinion. Journalists will be "safe" if they are able to refrain from taking an opinion in reporting events or writing news. Greeting.

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